Climate Change

Bulgaria could warm by 4.4 °C by 2100, lose 20% of precipitation

Bulgaria warm 4 4 C 2100 lose precipitation

Photo: Saiho from Pixabay


February 1, 2022






February 1, 2022





Climate science and innovations, education of students and adults, adequate policies and rules are necessary to adapt to climate change in Bulgaria, which is already severely affected, WWF and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation warned. According to current forecasts, the temperature in the country is set to grow by as much as 4.4 degrees Celsius and precipitation could drop by over 20%.

WWF Bulgaria and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation Bulgaria presented a joint scientific study Bulgaria’s Climate Challenge with recommendations for necessary action. The authors warned that, according to current estimates, if greenhouse gas emissions continue at current levels, the planet would warm by approximately 2.7 degrees Celsius by 2100 from the levels registered in the preindustrial era.

Bulgaria is already one of the worst affected countries in Europe, they said and added the temperature there could rise by 4.4 degrees by the end of the century while that precipitation would drop more than 20%, threatening urban water supply and agriculture. Wheat and corn yields could also be reduced by one fifth in that case, the study shows.

Droughts, tropical nights becoming regular

Toward 2100, severe summer droughts will likely occur every year, while the frequency of catastrophic floods (now once every 50 years) could increase two to four times, the document adds. By 2050, Bulgaria may experience months of temperatures over 30 degrees and more than 40 nights when the temperature stays above 20 degrees Celsius, greatly increasing heat strokes and heat stress, scientists found.

In order to adapt and avoid the worst possible impact, climate science and innovations, education of students and adults, adequate policies and rules in line with the European Union’s goals are necessary, the study shows.

Economic transformation is a way to turn the challenge into an advantage, particularly with renewables, recycling and nature conservation

There are three critical goals: to preserve ecosystems, stabilize the climate and create a climate-neutral, circular and prosperous economy in Bulgaria, the two organizations pointed out.

Apostol Dyankov from the World Wide Fund for Nature’s Bulgarian branch said the country can adapt its industry, agriculture and nature protection in a way that not only minimizes the negative effects, but also brings benefits from the production and use of renewable energy, reuse and recycling and regeneration of natural ecosystems.

Bulgaria has biggest energy intensity in EU

The Bulgarian economy mostly depends on fossil fuels – coal for electricity, oil products for transport and gas for heating and industry. The country has the biggest energy intensity in the EU, using almost 400 kilograms of oil equivalent for every EUR 1,000 its economy generates, the report reads.

Businesses should significantly increase investments in solar power and other renewable electricity sources, zero-emission vehicle fleets and zero or even positive-energy production and office buildings, the authors stressed. They also pointed to energy cooperatives as a powerful model for change.

The government and businesses have access to European funds for climate action and the mitigation of impacts from phasing out coal

Bulgaria is entitled to EUR 6.3 billion in funding from the EU’s Recovery and Resilience Facility for climate mitigation and adaptation and another EUR 1.3 billion from the Just Transition Mechanism for the restructuring of its coal regions.

From July 2020, companies can buy 100% renewable energy on the Independent Bulgarian Energy Exchange (IBEX). Mila Dimitrova from the reporting team said the surge in electricity prices is making renewable energy sources – wind and solar – the cheapest even in Bulgaria, although that supply is limited. The Bulgarian Development Bank began lending to micro and small companies in September for photovoltaic plants, covering up to 95% of investments.

Comments (0)

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Enter Your Comment
Please wait... Please fill in the required fields. There seems to be an error, please refresh the page and try again. Your comment has been sent.

Related Articles

Serbia monitoring, reporting and verifying GHG emissions world bank loan

Serbia to start monitoring, reporting, verifying emissions by 2026

24 March 2023 - The introduction of an MRV system derives from the terms of the government's loan agreements with the World Bank

nexe cement co2 contessa project Thyssenkrupp

Nexe plans CO₂NTESSA project for carbon-neutral cement production

22 March 2023 - The firm has signed a contract with thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions regarding the new, second-generation oxyfuel technology

synthesis report UN-IPCC-climate-justice-resilient-development

New UN IPCC report calls for climate justice, resilient development

20 March 2023 - There are multiple, feasible and effective options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to human-caused climate change, IPCC said

Medeja Loncar Siemens sustainable development expenditure investment future

At Siemens, sustainable development is no expenditure but investment in future

07 March 2023 - Circular economy can bring Serbia 30,000 new jobs and increase its economy's competitiveness, CEO of Siemens Serbia Medeja Lončar said