Author: Sorcha Edwards, Secretary General, Housing Europe, a partner organization of EUSEW 2024
The only way to reach the objectives of reducing CO2 emissions by 55% by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2050 is to encourage decarbonization that is very specific to the different contexts across Europe. The good news is the necessary technologies for a fast transition are here, but the affordable housing sector might need some more support.
The European Affordable Housing Consortium, SHAPE-EU, led by Housing Europe, was established as the point of reference for a socially inclusive Renovation Wave and New European Bauhaus. A set of guiding blueprints will be drafted based on the 100 lighthouse projects of the Affordable Housing Initiative.
Finding the most efficient solution for everyone
The district-level approach is the best option for a just energy transition. Not only does it allow important cost reductions, achievable through economies of scale, industrialization, bulk logistics, etc., but it also enables the housing providers and developers to engage with the community, push for a human-centered renovation, and add a sense of ownership and belonging to their homes and neighborhood.
‘Lighthouse districts’, from the Affordable Housing Initiative, represent models of integrated approaches, involving the use of smart energy-efficient solutions, people-centered business models, and co-creation practices with the residents at the neighborhood level and engaging several disciplines – creative, green, digital, and mobility.
The district-level approach is the best option for a just energy transition
One of these projects is dropping, aiming to come up with a district renovation methodology, addressing the needs of social housing from Spain, Italy, and Estonia and transforming these neighborhoods into smart and inclusive ones. The objective is to develop solutions for positive social change, creating new opportunities within the local economic environment, all while relying on advanced technologies and cultural and creative activities. Once again, a key focus is the involvement of the community.
Using what was done best to do even better
The Consortium partners have as a priority to bring all these good practices forward. They have put together a handbook of inspiring examples. Delivering Affordable ‘Lighthouse Districts’ in Europe aims to encourage to explore the limits of what is possible, create a new appetite to renovate better, and tap into a new level of ambition.
Such an example is the case of ÖrebroBostäder, the first public housing provider in Sweden to include as a condition in the procurement the obligation to hire jobless inhabitants as construction workers for a limited period.
In addition, the planning of the intervention aimed at fostering social cohesion in the neighborhood. 10.000 residents, 32.000m2 area of intervention, and EUR40.000.000 total cost of renovation are just a few figures that can indicate the scale and impact of the project.
The Wir inHAUSer project, from Salzburg, Austria, is an example of zero carbon refurbishment, integrating a shared mobility concept and a resettlement program. It can be described as remarkable in terms of its comprehensive (award-winning) concept of minimizing carbon footprint through energy use, where the innovative mobility approach assumed a pioneering role.
Following a step-by-step approach makes the process easier
While examples of what has already been done are a valuable resource, it has also been important to create a set of guidelines that make the task of an inclusive energy efficient district level renovation seem approachable. Planned to be published at the end of the project, they will focus on different aspects including temporary accommodation for tenants during the renovation period or ensuring cost-neutrality for residents after the renovation operation.
The Renovation Helpdesk is another tool of the project, composed of experts who have the experience of carrying out a lighthouse district. They have volunteered to help other project leaders who are just starting the process of renovating their stock and offering affordable, safe, and suitable housing for their residents.
A mission that is far from being over
After two years, the capacity-building program is approaching its finish line, an occasion that will be marked with the “Launching 100 lighthouse districts” conference at the European Committee of the Regions on February 21, 2024.