GGF_Green Journey campaign_Green for Growth Fund_green financing
Climate Change

EU economic losses caused by extreme weather could increase to EUR 170 billion annually

EU economic losses extreme weather EUR 170 billion eu strategy climate adaptation

Photo: Foto-Rabe from Pixabay


March 1, 2021






March 1, 2021





The European Commission has adopted a new EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change to prepare for the unavoidable impacts of climate change.

Economic losses from more frequent climate-related extreme events now average over EUR 12 billion per year while conservative, lower bound estimates show that exposing today’s EU economy to global warming of 3°C above pre-industrial levels would result in an annual loss of at least EUR 170 billion, reads the EU strategy.

The economic losses caused by weather in 1980–2016 amounted to over EUR 436 billion

The total reported economic losses caused by weather and other climate-related extremes in Europe in 1980–2016 amounted to over EUR 436 billion, the EU report shows.

These losses are one of the main reasons why the EU needs a new EU strategy, according to the European Commission.

“From deadly heatwaves and devastating droughts, to decimated forests and coastlines eroded by rising sea levels, climate change is already taking its toll in Europe and worldwide. Building on the 2013 Climate Change Adaptation Strategy, the aim of today’s proposals is to shift the focus from understanding the problem to developing solutions, and to move from planning to implementation,” the commission said.

Drought losses could rise from EUR 9 billion to EUR 40 billion

Due to the changing climate, many European regions are already facing more frequent, severe, and longer-lasting droughts.

In Europe, most of the losses caused by drought (about EUR 9 billion/year) affect agriculture, the energy sector and the public water supply.

In 2018 alone, agricultural damages amounted to some EUR 2 billion in France, EUR 1.4 billion in the Netherlands, and EUR 770 million in Germany. With global warming at 3°C, droughts would happen twice as often and the absolute annual drought losses in Europe would increase to EUR 40 billion/year, with the most severe impacts in the Mediterranean and Atlantic Regions, reads the EU strategy.

Annual damage to Europe’s critical infrastructure could increase ten-fold by the end of the century

The EU data show that due to climate change alone, annual damage to Europe’s critical infrastructure could increase ten-fold by the end of the century under business-as-usual scenarios (from the current EUR 3.4 billion to EUR 34 billion). Losses would be highest for the industry, transport and energy sectors.

Three objectives of EU Strategy

The strategy has three objectives and proposes a range of actions accomplish them:

  • To make adaptation smarter – improving knowledge and availability of data, while managing the inherent uncertainty brought upon us by climate change; securing more and better data on climate-related risk and losses, and making Climate-ADAPT the authoritative European platform for adaptation knowledge.
  • To make adaptation more systemic – supporting policy development at all levels of governance, society and the economy and in all sectors by improving adaptation strategies and plans; integrating climate resilience in macro-fiscal policy, and promoting nature-based solutions for adaptation.
  • To speed up adaptation across the board – by accelerating the development and rollout of adaptation solutions; reducing climate-related risk; closing the climate protection gap, and ensuring the availability and sustainability of fresh water.

European Committee of the Regions: The strategy lacks targets

Even though the new EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change enables the move from planning to action it still lacks concrete climate adaptation targets, according to the European Committee of the Regions (CoR).

CoR said that the COVID-19 pandemic has only exacerbated the need to build a healthier and safer environment for all.

“We are pleased to see that the European Commission has adopted a more ambitious EU Adaptation Strategy in line with our call to foster active subsidiarity and proportionality, recognizing the crucial role that cities and regions play in climate adaptation. We now need to move the action forward and substantially increase financing tools for local climate adaptation projects, scale up the replication of best practices Europe-wide and exploit the opportunities for innovation provided by data-based policymaking,” Markku Markkula, Chair of Espoo City Board and President of the Helsinki Region, said.

Comments (0)

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Enter Your Comment
Please wait... Please fill in the required fields. There seems to be an error, please refresh the page and try again. Your comment has been sent.

Related Articles

Germany new ruling coalition aims phase out coal nine years

Germany’s new ruling coalition aims to phase out coal in nine years

25 November 2021 - The cabinet led by Olaf Scholz will phase out coal "ideally" by 2030, compared to the current 2038 deadline, the coalition deal reveals

EUKI funding climate action projects conditions

EUKI offers funding for climate action projects – here are the conditions

25 November 2021 - Nonprofits can apply for up to EUR 1 million from the European Climate Initative (EUKI) with transformative cross-border projects

Kopac CO2 tax to be introduced in Western Balkans by 2025

Kopač: Western Balkans need to introduce CO2 tax by 2025

23 November 2021 - The decarbonization roadmap will be discussed at the meeting of the Ministerial Council of the Energy Community in Belgrade on November 30

Amazon deforestation rate in Brazil highest since 2006

Amazon deforestation rate in Brazil highest since 2006

21 November 2021 - A new government report shows a 22% increase in the deforestation of Brazil’s Amazon