Electricity

Water-food-energy-ecosystems nexus and benefits of cooperation in the Western Balkans

Published

May 22, 2017

Comments

comments icon

0

Share

Published:

May 22, 2017

Comments:

comments icon

0

Share

 

  • Project: Greening economic development in Western Balkans trough applying a nexus approach and identification of benefits of transboundary cooperation
  • Funded by: Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea
  • Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia
  • Lead executing agency: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
  • Overall term: 2016-2017

CONTEXT 

Development plans in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia, the countries that share the Drina Basin,  in particular some 20 new hydropower plants planned, can impact on the ecosystems but also across sectors, in particular energy, agriculture and water management. Environmental- and climate change-related commitments of the countries as well as the modified economic outlook should also be taken into consideration when discussing these plans.

OBJECTIVE

The project supported a participatory intersectoral assessment of the water-food-energy-ecosystems nexus in the Drina River Basin, carried out in the framework of the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention). The assessment also promoted a broad understanding of the benefits of transboundary water cooperation.

The project particularly aimed to:

  • Identify intersectoral issues and trade-offs between sectors and possible solutions to be further explored and utilized;
  • Determine possible solutions, policy measures and mutually beneficial actions that could avoid unintended consequences of resource management between sectors and reduce tensions between sectoral objectives;
  • Enhance cooperation between countries in the basin in managing transboundary waters.

RESULTS

The resource use and management situation was jointly characterized, the most pressing intersectoral problems together with some possible scenarios of future development identified. Among the main issues identified were flow regulation (driven by hydropower generation), challenges  of rural development and modernising agriculture as well as shortcomings in managing wastewater and solid waste.

The project identified a number of intersectoral and transboundary cooperation opportunities for mutual benefits and for reducing pressures on water resources and the environment. Recommendations for improvements (solutions) were made, including to guide investment, and these range from combining the promotion of local, high-quality agricultural products with nature-related tourism to updating the feasibility studies of new hydropower infrastructure and evaluating the impact of the new projects on the basin. The participatory process, involving three basin level meetings, increased awareness in the national administrations about intersectoral impacts and synergies.

Comments (0)

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Enter Your Comment
Please wait... Please fill in the required fields. There seems to be an error, please refresh the page and try again. Your comment has been sent.

Related Articles

Romania-ambitious energy storage plans 5 GW by end 2026

Romania’s ambitious energy storage plans: 5 GW by end-2026

18 July 2024 - These ambitious energy storage targets are aligned with transmission system operator Transelectrica’s recommendations and analyses

ems serbia grid connection wind solar

Serbia opens new round of grid connection applications for wind, solar

17 July 2024 - TSO EMS has announced that September 1 would mark the start of the new interval for the preparation of studies for the grid connection

Trafigura Romanian renewables solar power Nala

Trafigura enters Romanian renewables market via solar power project purchase

17 July 2024 - Trafigura's subsidiary Nala Renewables bought a ready-to-build PV project of 61 MW in Romania with an option to integrate battery storage

western balkans wind solar investments study

Western Balkans have as many prospective solar, wind projects as Germany

17 July 2024 - Prospective utility-scale solar and wind capacity amounts to 23 GW or 70% more than a year ago, according to the latest study