Croatia could fully replace electricity imports with 1 GW of new wind capacity


Photo: Anastasia Palagutina on Unsplash


January 16, 2023






January 16, 2023





Last year Croatia imported 2.12 TWh of electricity, and, due to the energy crisis, at sky-high prices. By tapping on its renewable energy potentials, the country could completely eliminate the need to buy electricity abroad, according to the Renewable Energy Sources of Croatia (RES Croatia) association.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine last February has exacerbated the energy crisis, with soaring electricity prices forcing Europe to speed up the development of renewables in order to ensure energy independence.

Croatia’s potential in this field is huge. According to RES Croatia’s calculations, utilizing that potential could help eliminate much of the country’s reliance on energy imports.

The average price of electricity in 2022 was EUR 273.72 per MWh, a 239% increase against 2021.

Lower imports attributed to warm winter

Electricity consumption in 2022 decreased by 131 GWh year-on-year, to 18.42 TWh, which RES Croatia attributes to higher than normal temperatures at the end of the year and a reduced need for heating.

Adding 2 GW of solar or 1 GW of wind capacity would eliminate the need for electricity imports

In the last five years, Croatia imported an average of 2.34 TWh of electricity annually. In 2022, its net imports totaled 2.12 TWh. The bulk of the electricity was imported in summer months, when solar could have covered most of the country’s consumption and even ensured surpluses for export, according to RES Croatia’s report.

If Croatia added 2 GW of solar power plants, there would be no need for imports in the current circumstances, according to RES Croatia’s calculations. The same would be achieved with an additional 1 GW of wind capacity, the association said.

Hydropower plants covered over 28% of consumption in 2022

Most of Croatia’s available energy in 2022 was provided by hydropower plants, 28.39%, followed by thermal power plants that burn natural gas and fuel oil, with an 18.49% share, and the Krško nuclear power plant, which accounted for 14.42%.

Solar power plants generated a total of 79 GWh, or a mere 0.43% of all available energy, putting Croatia at Europe’s bottom by solar energy utilization. The wind power plants’ output was 2.3 TWh, or 12.49% of the country’s available energy last year.

The underutilized solar potential is one of the reasons why fossil fuels account for as much as 53% of Croatia’s energy, according to RES Croatia’s statement.

During 2022, the question of developing renewable energy sources became the question of ensuring energy security and overcoming the energy crisis.

Comments (1)
WindFritz / January 21, 2023

In my point of view Croatia will soon become an independant and rich country using energy from wind and sun.

Enter Your Comment
Please wait... Please fill in the required fields. There seems to be an error, please refresh the page and try again. Your comment has been sent.

Related Articles

eu necp solar targets grids flexibility solarpower europe

EU countries update NECPs: 2030 solar goals lifted by 90% but grids lag

25 April 2024 - SolarPower Europe said grid and flexibility planning trail far behind renewables goals, putting the energy transition at risk


Slovenia amends Energy Act to bolster efficiency, decarbonization

25 April 2024 - The changes to Slovenia's Energy Act introduced incentives for renewables, decarbonization of coal regions and energy efficiency measures

China’s energy transition on track for carbon neutrality by 2060

24 April 2024 - China is making huge progress toward its goal of reducing net emissions to zero, Norwegian consulting firm DNV estimated in a report


Renera kicks off 50 MW floating solar power project in Romania

24 April 2024 - Renera Energy is developing a 50 MW floating photovoltaic project in Romania. It would now probably be the biggest in Europe.