Clean hydrogen to break even with fossil alternatives between 2028 and 2032 in Romania – study

Environmentally friendly solution of renewable energy storage - hydrogen gas to clean electricity facility situated in forest environment. 3d rendering.

Photo: iStock


December 7, 2021






December 7, 2021





Green hydrogen will break even with fossil alternatives between 2028 and 2032 based on renewable energy potential in Romania, according to a study produced by Bucharest-based energy and climate think-tank Energy Policy Group (EPG).

Romania would need to install from 1,470 MW to 2,350 MW of electrolyser capacity accompanied with 3-4.5 GW of new renewables by 2030 to achieve the target for hydrogen use envisaged by the EU Fit-for-55 package.

Romanian authorities said the national hydrogen strategy would be published in 2022. The document contains information on costs, carbon intensity, and availability. The authors argue the government needs to focus on clean hydrogen and prioritise large-scale investments in renewable and electrolyser capacities.

The study reads that it would make it fully compliant with the EU Hydrogen Strategy and Fit-for-55 package.

According to the document’s authors, there is still a cost gap between fossil-based and clean hydrogen. However, electrolyser capital expenditure (CAPEX) is expected to decrease from EUR 1,060/kW to EUR 375/kW for polymer electrolyte membrane electrolyzers (PEM), and as low as EUR 100/kW for alkaline electrolyzers.

Between 1,470 MW and 2,350 MW of electrolyser capacity will need to be installed in Romania by 2030

“By 2030, producing clean hydrogen will no longer be a capex-intensive business. The price of renewable energy becomes the main cost component, especially at medium to high electrolyser load factors. Coupled with the decreasing cost of renewable energy, higher carbon price, and elimination of free allocation of CO2 allowances, this will allow clean hydrogen to break even with fossil alternatives between 2028 and 2032 based on local renewable potential,” the study reads.

Two modelling scenarios analysed in this report, based on the Fit-for-55 package proposals regarding the use of clean hydrogen in industry and transport, show that between 1,470 MW and 2,350 MW of electrolyser capacity will need to be installed in Romania by 2030.

It translates to 3.7% and 6%, respectively, of the EU electrolyser capacity by 2030, targeted in the European Commission’s Hydrogen Strategy. When factoring in the additionality principle, it requires between 3 and 4.5 GW of renewables to be installed on top of the capacities included in the current National Energy and Climate Plan, the report reads.

The levelized cost of hydrogen could drop to EUR 1.38/kgH2

The study has calculated the levelized cost of hydrogen (LCOH) based on an electricity price of EUR 50/MWh, which is according to authors a reasonable if not conservative assumption for Romania in 2030, the renewables potential and expected cost reductions. The LCOH for alkaline electrolysis is between EUR 2.21/kgH2 and EUR 2.3/kgH2, while for PEM electrolysis it ranges from EUR 2.34 to EUR 2.73/ kgH2, depending on load factor.

Power purchase agreements are crucial for low-cost electricity for electrolysis units

According to the study, the LCOH can go down to EUR 1.38/kgH2 for alkaline electrolysis and EUR 1.59/ kgH2 for PEM electrolysis in 2030 at an electricity price of EUR 25/MWh.

Long-term power purchase agreements (PPAs) with multiple RES producers, or wholesale purchasing of electricity that comes with guarantees of origin (GOs) are the only way of ensuring a stable and predictable source of low-cost electricity for electrolysis units.

Comments (0)

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Enter Your Comment
Please wait... Please fill in the required fields. There seems to be an error, please refresh the page and try again. Your comment has been sent.

Related Articles

Call postgrads young professionals apply for Energy Community Summer School

Call for postgrads, young professionals to apply for Energy Community Summer School

18 January 2022 - The Energy Community Secretariat is receiving applications for the 2022 Energy Community Summer School in Sarajevo, to be held in August

Expansion of green hydrogen changes geopolitical relations

Expansion of green hydrogen changing geopolitical relations – IRENA

18 January 2022 - Green hydrogen could cover up to 12 percent of global energy consumption in 2050, according...

Romanian Commodity Exchange bilateral power supply contracts platform

Romanian Commodity Exchange to roll out platform for bilateral power supply contracts

17 January 2022 - Power purchase agreements were centralized within Romanian TSO Transelectrica's OPCOM market until a recent government directive

Albania has 660 mW of solar projects in the pipeline

Albania has 570 MW of solar projects in pipeline

17 January 2022 - The Energy Regulatory Authority, relevant ministry and environment agency are busy with procedures for a trove of solar projects