Turkey’s government has prepared the National Energy Strategy until 2035 and Hydrogen Technologies Strategy and Roadmap, with the aim to achieve its 2053 net zero emissions goal.
Fatih Dönmez, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources, said the share of renewable energy in primary energy consumption would reach 23.7% in 2035, compared to 16.7% from 2020.
The capacity of electrolysers producing hydrogen from clean energy will reach 2 GW in 2030, 5 GW in 2035, and 70 GW in 2053, he said.
The country intends to grow its power production capacity to 189.7 GW by 2035. It was at 95.9 GW at the end of 2020, the document notes. Most of the capacity from new power plants, or 74.3%, is intended to come from hydropower, solar power plants, and wind farms, the minister pointed out.
Turkey aims to install 7.5 GW in battery storage capacity by 2035
Solar power capacity is projected to be boosted to 52.9 GW. In 2020 it was 6.7 GW.
New wind farms with a combined capacity of 20.8 GW will be installed, to bring total capacity to 29.6 GW in 2035, according to the ministry.
Hydropower is seen rising from 31 GW to 35.1 GW while geothermal and biomass facilities are envisaged to grow by 1.7 GW.
The country is building its first nuclear power plant – Akkuyu, with a capacity of 4.5 GW, but it plans to add other facilities including small modular reactors (SMRs) and reach 7.2 GW. The share of electricity produced in nuclear power stations is projected at 11% for 2035.
Turkey aims to have a battery storage capacity of 7.5 GW by 2035, Dönmez pointed out.
The expected growth of energy consumption is estimated at 205.3 million tons of oil equivalent, compared to 147.2 million at the end of 2020.
Bakanımız Sayın @Fatih_Donmez, "Türkiye Ulusal Enerji Planı & Türkiye Hidrojen Teknolojileri Stratejisi ve Yol Haritası" toplantısında konuşuyor.
— T.C. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı (@TCEnerji) January 19, 2023
Turkey aspires to become a major player in the global hydrogen market
Dönmez said the green hydrogen will be an important tool for reaching a net zero emission target.
It would help decarbonize energy-intensive sectors, such as petrochemicals, iron, steel, cement, glass and ceramics, he explained and added the best solution is for hydrogen to be produced where it is consumed.
The target for the share of hydrogen in overall gas for 2053 is 12%, and synthetic methane is intended to make up 30%.
The goal is to lower hydrogen costs to USD 1.2 per kilogram
Turkey’s geopolitical position provides good conditions for it to become a major player in the global hydrogen market, Dönmez added.
The plan is to lower the production costs of hydrogen to USD 2.4 per kilogram by 2035, and to USD 1.2 by the 2050s, according to the hydrogen strategy.
Dönmez said the authorities are preparing incentives for the hydrogen sector, to support research, development, and production.