Renewables

Bulgaria could add as much as 42 GW from wind outside protected areas

Bulgaria-add-42-GW-wind-outside-protected-areas

Photo: Wirestock on Freepik

Published

September 29, 2023

Country

Comments

0

Share

Published:

September 29, 2023

Country:

Comments:

0

Share

A study found that Bulgaria is expected to increase its total wind power capacity by as much as 9.2 GW by 2040. The most suitable areas, in the northeast, have a combined onshore and offshore potential of up to 10.2 GW. The country’s Black Sea can host 176 GW in theory.

The slow adoption of wind energy in Bulgaria can be primarily attributed to various governance shortcomings, the Center for the Study of Democracy said in its study, overseen by the Austrian Institute of Technology. It pointed to ad-hoc regulatory changes, technical and administrative bottlenecks before grid connection and access, opposition from local communities, land use and environmental conflicts and, more generally, a lack of political commitment.

Wind-rich areas lack grid capacity

Projects in the pipeline are all located in areas with limited grid availability, the document notes. Based on a modeling assessment conducted by CSD in cooperation with the Regional Center for Energy Policy Research (REKK), Bulgaria can add between 3.8 GW and 4.2 GW by 2030, all in the northeastern part of the country, and another 5 GW by 2040.

Up to 10.2 GW in onshore and offshore wind capacity can be added in the northeastern districts of Varna, Dobrich, Razgrad and Shumen.  The areas have high utilization factors and suitable land use and environmental conditions. The facilities can produce 26.2 TWh of electricity per year, or more than two thirds of the current power demand in the country, according to the study.

Northeast also dominant in Bulgaria’s 176 GW offshore wind potential

A total of 40 GW to 42 GW can be installed, when Natura 2000 areas are completely excluded, in areas with slightly lower average utilization.

The document reveals that 34.5% of the Black Sea coastal area is considered suitable for offshore wind deployment, with an overall potential of 176 GW, also mostly in the northeast. The large majority is 24 nautical miles (44.4 kilometers) or more from the shore. The researchers calculated the potential by taking 4.95 MW class turbines for onshore wind and 8 MW units for offshore wind.

Minister of Environment and Water Julian Popov said the country should cooperate with Greece, Romania, the Western Balkans and Ukraine on the development of the wind power sector.

According to the International Renewable Energy Agency, Bulgaria had 704 MW in total in wind farms installed by the end of last year.

Comments (0)

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Enter Your Comment
Please wait... Please fill in the required fields. There seems to be an error, please refresh the page and try again. Your comment has been sent.

Related Articles

North Macedonia government Sanja Bozinovska energy

North Macedonia gets new government – Sanja Božinovska is in charge of energy

24 June 2024 - New Minister of Energy, Mining and Mineral Raw Materials Sanja Božinovska indicated that North Macedonia would revise four proposed strategic partnerships

Premier Energy Motor Oil joint venture hybrid power plants Romania

Premier Energy, Motor Oil launch joint venture for hybrid power plants in Romania

24 June 2024 - Premier Energy established a firm in Romania with Greece-based Motor Oil that bought two PV projects of 86 MW in total, with storage

Turkish firm mature PV 214 MW Romania Econergy

Turkish firm buys mature PV project of 214 MW in Romania from Econergy

21 June 2024 - Entek Elektrik's subsidiary Enspire Enerji took over a 214 MW solar power project in Romania from Israel-based Econergy

Cascading-power-grid-failure-causes-blackout-in-BiH-Montenegro-Albania-Dalmatia

Cascading power grid failure causes blackout in BiH, Montenegro, Albania, Dalmatia

21 June 2024 - Overloads in key electricity interconnections led to unprecedented outages in BiH and Montenegro today while the power was out in much of Croatia and Albania as well