Gender workshop - UNECE–Global Water Partnership ADA June 23, 2021
Features

CMS Turkey: Waste management in Turkey

cms waste management turkey

Photo: CMS

Published

January 19, 2021

Country

Comments

0

Share

Published:

January 19, 2021

Country:

Comments:

0

Share

Author: Umut Korkmaz , CMS Istanbul

Overview of waste management in Turkey summarizing the legislation and practice.

Legislation on Waste Management

Turkish legislation and policy in the field of waste management have been prepared in line with the country’s harmonization process with the European Union. In this context, on the basis of Environmental Law No. 2872, several regulations have been adapted to regulate different categories of waste such as municipal waste, excavated soil, construction, and demolition waste, medical waste, hazardous waste, packaging waste, spent batteries, and accumulators, waste vegetable oils, waste electrical and electronic equipment, waste oils and end-of-life vehicles, etc. The Waste Management Regulation, which sets the framework for waste management in Turkey, has been implemented taking into account Directive 2008/98/EC on waste (Waste Framework Directive).

Turkey is also party to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.

Practice

Waste management has been identified as a top priority by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization (“Ministry”). In this context, the Ministry published the “National Action Plan for Waste Management 2023” in 2016, which analyses the current waste management situation for the 81 provinces of Turkey and sets out the country’s waste management objectives. The Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanization also has a website dedicated to waste management ZERO WASTE.

Waste management is a constantly growing area. According to the report “Municipal Waste Management in Turkey” published by the Ministry in 2016, the number of landfills in Turkey increased from 15 in 2003 to 82 in the 3rd quarter of 2016. In addition, the number of licensed recycling and recovery facilities has skyrocketed over the last decade. In 2003 there were 46 recycling and recovery facilities for different types of recyclable waste; the number of authorized facilities rose to 1226 by 2015.

According to the National Waste Management Plan and the 2016 Action Plan, 61.07% of municipal waste is disposed of in sanitary landfills and 28.25% in municipal landfills. 11% of municipal waste (including packaging waste) was reported as recycled, composted or otherwise disposed of.

The National Action Plan for Waste Management 2023 provides for the disposal of 35% of waste through recycling and 65% through regular storage by2023.

Next Steps

Although Turkey has adopted its waste management legislation as part of the harmonization process with the European Union and waste management is considered a priority by the Ministry, the country still needs to achieve some important goals to have a sound and sustainable waste management system. In this context, financial support should be provided to municipalities, which shoulder the main burden of implementing waste management policy, and the implementation of the 2023 National Waste Management Action Plan should be regularly monitored by the Ministry.

Comments (0)

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Enter Your Comment

Please wait... Please fill in the required fields. There seems to be an error, please refresh the page and try again. Your comment has been sent.

Related Articles

Health engagement commitment clean up air Serbia

Greater health engagement and commitment needed to clean up the air in Serbia

12 May 2021 - The launch of the first ever national Air protection Program in the Republic of Serbia with an Action Plan is a unique opportunity to bring down high rates of disease

Location spatial planning accelerate renewable energy transition Southeast Europe features Zeljka Fistrek Dragana Mileusnic

Location, location, location: How spatial planning can accelerate the renewable energy transition in Southeast Europe

09 April 2021 - Governments and renewable energy developers in Southeast Europe should work with environmental NGOs and local communities from the get-go, Željka Frištek and Dragana Mileusnić wrote

guarantees-of-origin-accelerate-energy-transition-Naida-Taso-features

How guarantees of origin can accelerate the energy transition

02 April 2021 - An effective system for guarantees of origin could support the energy transition and boost renewable energy investments within the Energy Community, writes Naida Taso from the Energy Community Secretariat

CMS Austria Update energy communities

CMS Austria: Update on energy communities in Austria

31 March 2021 - The Austrian government published the Renewable Energy Expansion Act , which is now subject to deliberation and approval by the Austrian parliament